Tree pruning is a vital pruning practice that should be performed on a regular basis to allow for more even growth and to prevent the loss of desired part or all of a tree’s canopy. Pruning is often mistaken for thinning, but the process is completely different in that pruning significantly increases the tree’s ability to supply food, fibers, and fuel. A large tree will often have over 50% of its canopy removed by the end of the summer season. The loss of this much needed supply of energy and food causes the tree to wilt, sometimes resulting in the death of the tree. The purpose of this article is to give you the basics on pruning trees and when it is necessary to conduct this maintenance.
If you are new to landscape tree pruning, the best practice is to perform pruning on a yearly basis. Many people make the mistake of only conducting routine maintenance pruning when the tree is at the peak of its health, but this is not the case. The health of a tree is always determined during the dormant years. This means that you should choose your tree pruning techniques wisely in order to preserve its health throughout its life.
During the dormant season, there are many things that you can do to help the tree through this “time out” period. One thing that you can do is to remove dead, broken or damaged limbs. Some common areas to remove these unwanted parts include around power lines, fences, trellises, bird feeders, etc. Another great place to remove broken branches is near power lines or overhead power lines. By removing these dead and broken branches from a tree, it will increase its ability to absorb more energy which, in turn, will help it grow during the winter season. Learn more about the benefits of tree pruning on this page.
After you have completed these tasks, you should carefully re-insert the limbs so that they are securely anchored to the tree. After you re-insert the limbs, it is time to trim all of the cut branches that you removed during the pruning process. You should divide these cuts into six inch by six inch sections.
Now, you should make a cross cut on the center of one of your cross cuts. This is important for two reasons. First, if the branch that you are cutting into is crooked or has a dead spot, it could cause you to trim a larger branch in an attempt to fix the problem. If the dead area is on the same side as the live spot, you will not be able to see the crooked branch and therefore will not know if you need to adjust the tree. However, if the branch is on the opposite side of the live spot, the fact that there is no live spot to either side will allow you to see the crooked branch easily.
Finally, after you have finished making the necessary cross cuts you should always cut back half of the stem if you find that there are any live leaves on this stem. This will allow the cut off to fully grow back into a healthy branch. The other reason that you should always cut back half of the stem is to avoid allowing the branch to grow to full size before removing it. Always remember that it is better to have a smaller cut that has a higher chance of growing back into a strong healthy branch, then a larger cut that is left to grow and eventually fall off. It’s good to click on this site to learn more about the topic: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tree_topping.